Hubungan Status Gizi dan Perkembangan Anak Umur 0-24 Bulan (Baduta) di Kabupaten Karawang

Rohayati Rohayati, Yeni Iswari, Susi Hartati

Abstract


The prevalence of malnutrition and stunting in Indonesia has decreased from the previous period, but has not yet reached the target set according to WHO. Nutritional problems can affect a child's level of development. Nutritional problems and developmental disorders in children 0-2 years can determine the quality of life of children in the future. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between nutritional status and development. The study was conducted using a cross sectional design for children aged 0-2 years. The number of respondents was 234 with inclusion criteria for healthy children and having KMS / KIA books. Research locations are in the villages of Sukaluyu and Sri Kamulyan, Karawang Regency. Nutritional status was analyzed using the Z score from WHO and child development using KPSP. Statistical data analysis used descriptive analysis, Chi square test and rank spearman. The results showed that the majority of respondents were male, aged 12-24 months. The nutritional status of the children showed that 5.6% were very thin, 12.8% thin, 71.4% normal and 10.3% obese. The level of child development showed 78.6% conformed, 19.2% doubted and 2.1% disturbed. Disturbed aspects of development include fine motor skills and socialization. The results of the chi square test showed that there was no significant relationship between nutritional status and child development with p value 0.038 (α> 0.005). The result of the Spearman rank test with a result of 0.088 means that the better the nutritional status, the more appropriate the child's level of development. Nurses need to provide assistance and education to parents regarding nutritional stimulation and child development.
Keywords: children under 2 years; nutrition status; child development

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v12i0.1053

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