MANFAAT AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA DALAM MENURUNKAN HIPERTENSI

Jenita Doli Tine Donsu

Abstract


MANFAAT AVERRHOA CARAMBOLA DALAM MENURUNKAN HIPERTENSI

Jenita Doli Tine Donsu*), Harmilah**), Maria H. Bakri***)

*) **)***)Health Polytechnic of Health Ministry Yogyakarta
Jl. Tata Bumi No. 03 Banyuraden, Gamping, Sleman, Yogyakarta
Email: donsu.tine@gmail.com




ABSTRACT

Hypertension is a common health problem in the community. Uncontrolled hypertension can lead to degenerative diseases, such as congestive heart failure, kidney failure, and vascular disease. Hypertension is called the "silent killer" because it is symptomatic that cause strokes and heart disease. Therefore, patients with hypertension should have adherence to effectively control and obtain regular double intervention either farmako and other alternatives such as complementary therapies. The purpose of this study was to determine the star fruit (Averrhoa carambola) as a complementary therapy is effective in reducing systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension. This study begins with empirical studies and phytochemical test on star fruit in a laboratory Pharmacy Polytechnic Bandung, and worthy of ethics and the MoU between the Ministry of Health Polytechnic Yogyakarta and Bandung. This research method using experimental design, the type of Quasi experimental, with "Pre-test and Post-test Control Group Design without" 80 respondents in Community Health Centre Sleman Yogyakarta and Sukajadi Bandung. The results of the analysis of different test by Mann-Whitney that there was no significant difference to the decrease in blood pressure between the groups and slices of star fruit juice in systolic blood pressure p = 0.197 (> 0.05) and diastolic p = 0.061 (> 0.05). Results Wilcoxcon analysis, significantly there is a decrease in systolic blood pressure p = 0.000 (<0.05) and diastolic p = 0.000 (<0.05) after given juice and slices of starfruit. Phytochemical screening observed in the flavonoid as an amplifier arrangement of capillaries, decrease the permeability and fragility of blood vessels, as well as having bioactive compounds such as diuretics which can promote blood circulation, and thus can reduce the risk of heart and cardiovascular disease as well as preventing hypertensive disorders. Starfruit juice as a complementary therapy known to be effective in lowering systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients with essential hypertension.

Keywords: Averrhoa carambola, complementary therapies, hypertension

Keywords


Averrhoa carambola, complementary therapies, hypertension

References


Margaret, S., Monica, O., Anna, A., Laurie, W., Thomas, M., (2013). Heart of hypertension project: Development of a community-based prevention program for young African American men. Progress in community health partnerships, 7. 2. 163-169.

Junaidi, Iskandar. (2010). Hipertensi (Pengenalan, pencegahan, dan pengobatan). Jakarta : PT Bhuana Ilmu Populer

Hebert, P.L., Sisk, J.E., Tuzzio, L., Casabianca, J.M., Pogue, V.A., Wang, JJ., Chen, Y., Cowles, Ch., McLaughlin, M.A., (2012). Nurse-led disease management for hypertension control in a diverse urban community: a randomized trial. Journal General Internal Medicine, 27, 6, 630–9.

Ramanath, K.V., Venkappa, K.R. (2013). Study the impact of clinical pharmacist provided patient counseling on hypertension management in rural Indian population, Archives of Pharmacy Practice, Vol. 4, Issue 1 Jan-Mar 2013

Widjaja EA, Rahayuningsih Y, Rahajoe JS, Ubaidillah R, Maryanto I, Walujo EB, Semiadi G. (2014). Kekinian Keanekaragaman Hayati Indonesia. LIPI Press, Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Bappenas

Hariana, Arief. (2008). Tumbuhan Obat dan Khasiatnya. Jakarta, Penebar Swadaya

Peraturan Kepala Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan RI No. 12 (2014) Tentang Persyaratan Mutu Obat Tradisional

Khoo, Z.Y., Teh, C.C., Rao, N.K., Chin, J.H., (2010). Evaluation of the toxic effect of star fruit on serum biochemical parameters in rats. Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, UCSI University, Cheras, 56000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Vol 6, 22, 120-124.

Shadish, W.R., Cook,Th.D., Campbell, D.T. (2001). Experiental and Quasi Experimental for Generalized Causal Inference, Houghton Mifflin Company, USA.

Sun, Q., & Chou, G. (2015) Isoflavonoids from Crotalaria albida Inhibit Adipocyte Differentiation and Lipid Accumulation in 3T3-L1 Cells via Suppression of PPAR-[gamma] Pathway: e0135893, PLoS One, Vol. 10.(8), 1-13.

Ayodele, E., Alebiosu, Olutayo, C. Salako, B.L. (2014). Differential control of systolic and diastolic blood pressure in blacks with essential hypertension. Journal of The National Medical Association. Vol. 96, 24-86.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Jenita Doli Tine Donsu

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES, Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) tampil di http://suaraforikes.webs.com

(Journal of Health Research "FORIKES VOICE", Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) available at http://suaraforikes.webs.com)

---------------------------------------------------------