Karakteristik Pasien Multidrug Resistant Tubeculosis (MDR-TB) di RSUD Makassar

Nur Arifah, Tintin Sukartini, Harmayetty Harmayetty

Abstract


The case of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has become a threat to world health security. MDR / RR-TB causes 230,000 deaths in 2017 and most cases and deaths occur in Asia including Indonesia. MDR-TB cases that fail or are lost to treatment are one of the problems controlling MDR-TB because they can be a source of spread of treatment-resistant Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This study aims to describe the characteristics of MDR-TB patients undergoing treatment at Makassar Hospital. This study uses qualitative studies with a phenomenological approach. The participants in this study were 18 people using purposive sampling. The study was conducted in February until April 2019. The results of this research show that there are no gender differences and productive age is more at risk of MDR-TB. Low education levels do not guarantee the risk of transmission of MDR-TB depends on the willingness to be able to obtain health information such as the internet or conventional information (leaflets or health education). The duration of treatment makes participants unable to work because they have to focus on routine treatment every day for up to 18-20 months. Families living with patients have a greater risk of contracting but are a source of patient support for completing treatment. description of patient characteristics can be a source of data to find out groups at risk of infection so that they can develop MDR-TB prevention interventions that are right on target.
Keywords: characteristics; multidrug tuberculosis; qualitative.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v10i4.492

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e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

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