THE DEVELOPMENT OF COPING STRATEGIES ON TB PATIENT MEDICATION ADHERENCE

Yuly Abdi Zainurridha

Abstract


Introduction: Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Most TB bacteria attack the lungs, but they may also attack other organs. The factor that can possibly expose a person to TB bacteria is determined by droplet concentration in the air and the duration of a person inhaling the air. The objective of this research was to develop a model of coping strategies on medication adherence in TB patients with transactional theory basis. Method: this research was an eksplanative survey with cross sectional approach. Data collection was performed with questionnaire and focus group discussion. The population was TB patients in RSUD dr. Abdoer Rahem Situbondo. The number of population recorded from May until June 2019 was 102. This research used purposive sampling and selected 100 TB patients as samples. Variables in this research were primary assessment, secondary assessment, resources, coping strategies, and adherence. Data was collected with questionnaire and analyzed with Partial Least Square. Result and Analysis: Model of coping strategies development on medication adherence was formed of primary assessment, secondary assessment, resources, and patient’s coping strategies. The most significant effect was derived from the response of resources towards coping strategies and the coping strategies towards adherence with t-statistic value of 2.020>1.95. Discussion: developing coping strategies can be conducted by providing psychoeducation about coping concept, pulmonary tuberculosis concept, environmental modification, mask use’s benefits, healthy lifestyle, nutritious food, and stress management. In addition, developing coping strategies can also be done by providing social support.
Key words: coping strategies;adherence

Keywords


Coping strategies, adherence

References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v10i4.519

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