Efektivitas Frekuensi Reposisi terhadap kejadian Pressure Injury: Studi Sistematik review dari Randomized Control Trial

Cicielia Ernawati Rahayu

Abstract


Pressure injury (PI) is a condition that can be prevented. However the prevalence rate is still high. Repositioning is one of the strategies to prevent PI. However, the frequency of repositioning can often be negative for patients and increase staff costs and burdens. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency of effective repositioning to prevent PI development. The method was a systematic literature review using descriptive analysis. Articles were Randomized Control Trial study obtained from Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane, and EBSCO. This study acquired 5 RCT studies which identified repositioning every two hours could reduce the incidence of PI, but 4 studies showed that this intervention was statistically insignificant results. Another method identified was the frequency of repositioning every 4 hours combined with the use of a support surface that is more effective than repositioning every 2 hours with a standard mattress. The effective position of the PI studied was lateral 30 degrees and supination 30 degrees on the head and the end of the foot. Repositioning interventions are interventions that should be implemented in a PI prevention. The frequency of repositioning can be done every 2 hours or 4 hours according to a combination of the existing modalities and the patient's condition

Keywords


Pressure injury, Prevention, Repositioning frequency, RCT, Support Surface

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v10i4.569

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