PENGARUH MENDENGARKAN MURATTAL SURAT AR RAHMAN TERHADAP KUALITAS TIDUR PASIEN SINDROM KORONER AKUT

AHMAT PUJIANTO, TITIS KURNIAWAN, HELWIYAH ROPI

Abstract


Salah satu dampak negatif dari proses hospitalisasi pada pasien adalah kualitas tidur yang rendah. Kualitas tidur yang rendah pada pasien SKA dapat meningkatkan stress, kecemasan, dan depresi yang lebih lanjut bisa memperberat gejala nyeri dada yang dirasakan pasien. Melihat kondisi tersebut, perlu dilakukan penelitian lebih lanjut untuk menemukan upaya pemenuhan kebutuhan tidur pada pasien SKA yang lebih efektif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat perbedaan kualitas tidur pada pasien SKA di ruang rawat intensif jantung setelah mendengarkan murattal Al-Qur’an Surat Ar Rahman. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian quasi experiment dengan nonequivalent control group design. Sebanyak 36 responden diambil dengan purposive sampling yang kemudian dibagi menjadi kelompok intervensi dan kontrol masing-masing 18 responden. Kelompok intervensi diberikan intervensi mendengarkan murattal Al-Qur’an Surat Ar Rahman selama 15 menit menjelang tidur malam. Kualitas tidur diukur menggunakan instrumen Richard Campbell Sleep Questionnaire (RCSQ). Data dianalisis menggunakan independent dan dependent sample t test. Tingkat signifikansi yang digunakan p < 0.05. Hasil menunjukkan adanya perbedaan yang bermakna rerata skor kualitas tidur pada kelompok intervensi antara sebelum (61,38) dan setelah pemberian intervensi (66,06) (p = 0,001), maupun pada rerata peningkatan kualitas tidur antara kelompok intervensi (5,76) dan kontrol (0,68) (p = 0,001). Intervensi mendengarkan murattal Al Qur’an Surat Ar Rahman dapat menimbulkan efek relaksasi sehingga dapat meningkatkan kualitas tidur. Intervensi mendengarkan murattal Al-Qur’an Surat Ar Rahman berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap peningkatan kualitas tidur pasien dengan SKA, sehingga dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai salah satu intervensi keperawatan dalam usaha meningkatkan kualitas tidur pada pasien SKA.

Kata kunci: kualitas tidur, murattal Surat Ar Rahman, SKA

Keywords


kualitas tidur, sindrom koroner akut, murattal Surat Ar Rahman, RCSQ, Richard Campbell Sleep Questionnaire

References


Abdurrochman, A., & Andhika, S. P. S. (2008). Muratal al-qur’an: alternatif terapi suara baru. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains dan Teknologi II Universitas Lampung, 978–979.

Afkham-ebrahimi, A., Rasoulian, M., & Zare, M. (2010). The impact of anxiety on sleep quality. 23(4), 184–188.

BaHammam, A. (2006). Sleep in acute care units. Sleep and Breathing, 10(1), 6–15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11325-005-0044-8

Brémault-Phillips, S., Olson, J., Brett-MacLean, P., Oneschuk, D., Sinclair, S., Magnus, R., … Puchalski, C. M. (2015). Integrating spirituality as a key component of patient care. Religions, 6(2), 476–498. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel6020476

Caska, C. M., Hendrickson, B. E., Wong, M. H., Ali, S., Neylan, T., & Whooley, M. A. (2009). Anger expression and sleep quality in patients with coronary heart disease: Findings from the heart and soul study. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(3), 280–285. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31819b6a08

Celano, C. M., Daunis, J. D, Lokko, H, N., Campbell, K. A & Huffman, J. C. (2016). Anxiety Disorders and Cardiovascular Disease. Curr Psychiatry Rep, 18(11), 267–280. https:// doi:10.1007/s11920-016-0739-5

De Niet, G., Tiemens, B., Lendemeijer, B., & Hutschemaekers, G. (2009). Music-assisted relaxation to improve sleep quality: Meta-analysis. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65(7), 1356–1364. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2009.04982.x

Grace, S. L., Leung, Y. W., & Stewart, D. E. (2008). A prospective examination of antidepressant use and its correlates in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Psychosomatics, 49(3), 199–207. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.psy.49.3.199

Hanser, S. B., & Mandel, S. E. (2005). The effects of music therapy in cardiac healthcare. Cardiology in Review, 13(1), 18–23. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.crd.0000126085.76415.d7

Ismail, Z., & Soha, D. (2012). Religiosity and Psychological Well-Being. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 3(11), 20–28. Retrieved from www.ijbssnet.com

Johansson, A., Svanborg, E., Swahn, E., Ejdebäck, J., Tygesen, H., & Edell-Gustafsson, U. (2011). Sleep, arousal and health-related quality of life in men and women with coronary artery disease. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 20(19–20), 2787–2801. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03787.x

Kemenkes RI. (2014). Situasi kesehatan jantung. Pusat Data Dan Informasi Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 3. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107415324.004

Kemenkes RI. (2018). RISKESDAS 2018: Executive Summary.www.depkes.go.id

Khalil, M. (2008). Sleep Assessment in Critically Ill Patients. Journal of the Intensive Care Society, 9(1), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.1177/175114370800900112

Kozier, B., Erb, G., Berman, A., & Snyder, S.J. (2010). Fundamental keperawatan (7th ed). (vol. 2). Alih bahasa ; Dwi Widiarti dkk. Jakarta : EGC

Lai, H. N., & Good, M. A. A. N. (2005). Music improves sleep quality in older adults.[Miscellaneous Article]. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 49(3), 234–244.

Lestari, D., Adriana, & Fauzan, S. (2015). Pengaruh Terapi Murotal Terhadap Tingkat KEcemasan Pasien Dengan Penyakit Jantung Koroner di Ruang ICCU RSUD Dr. Soedarso Pontianak. Naskah Publikasi, 2(1), 1–11.

Lorentz, M. M., & Stress, U. (2006). Stress and Psychoneuroimmunology Revisited : Alternative Journal of Nursing, (11), 1–11.

Mardiyono., Songwathana, P., & Petpichetchian, W. (2011). Spirituality Intervention and Outcomes: Corner stone of Holistic Nursing Practice. Nurse Media: Journal of Nursing, 1(1), 117–127. https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v1i1.751

Masluchah, L., & Sutrisno, J. (2010). Pengaruh bimbingan do’a dan dzikir terhadap kecemasan pasien pre-operasi. Jurnal Penelitian Psikologi, 1(1),11-22.http://ejournal.sunanampel. ac.id/index.php/JPS/article/viewFile/356/293

Mok, E., & Wong, K. Y. (2003). Effects of music on patient anxiety. AORN Journal, 77(2), 396–397, 401.

Morimoto, Y. (Author), & Timmers, R. (Author). (2012). The effect of repeated listening on pleasure and boredom responses. Collected Work: Proceedings: The ICMPC-­ESCOM 2012 Joint Conference—12th Biennial International Conference for Music Perception and Cognition; 8th Triennial Conference of the European Society for the Cognitive Sciences of Music. Pages: 693-697. (AN: 2012-, 693–697. Retrieved from http://libproxy.mit.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rih&AN=2012-20183&site=ehost-live&scope=cite

Mudhiah, K. (n.d.). DALAM SURAH AR-RAHMAN A . Pendahuluan Al-Qur ’ a > n merupakan Kalam Allah yang menjadi mu ’ jizat Nabi Muhammad . Di antara kemu ’ jizatan Al-Qur ’ a > n adalah dari segi bahasanya . Keindahan bahasa Al-Qur ’ a > n dapat dilihat dari keserasian ayat-ayat. 8(1), 133–150.

Ryu, M. J., Park, J. S., & Park, H. (2012). Effect of sleep-inducing music on sleep in persons with percutaneous transluminal coronary angiography in the cardiac care unit. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 21(5–6), 728–735. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03876.x

Sirven, J. I. (2006). Complementary Therapies in Neurology: An Evidence Based Approach. Neurology, 67(6), 1106–1106. https://doi.org/10.1212/01.wnl.0000189103.16640.0b

Suhartini. (2011). Music and Music Intervention for Therapeutic Purposes in Patients with Ventilator Support; Gamelan Music Perspective. Nurse Media: Journal of Nursing, 1(1), 129–146. https://doi.org/10.14710/nmjn.v1i1.752

Stenberg, D. (2007). Neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of sleep. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, 64(10), 1187–1204. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-007-6530-3

Su, C. P., Lai, H. L., Chang, E. T., Yiin, L. M., Perng, S. J., & Chen, P. W. (2013). A randomized controlled trial of the effects of listening to non-commercial music on quality of nocturnal sleep and relaxation indices in patients in medical intensive care unit. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(6), 1377–1389. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06130.x

Tembo, A. C., & Parker, V. (2009). Factors that impact on sleep in intensive care patients. Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 25(6), 314–322. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iccn.2009.07.002

Zvolensky, M. J., Bakhshaie, J., & Brandt, C. (2015). Anxiety Disorders and Cardiovascular Illness. Anxiety Disorders, 18(11), 267–280. https://doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199395125.003.0019




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i1.592

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES, Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) tampil di http://suaraforikes.webs.com

(Journal of Health Research "FORIKES VOICE", Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) available at http://suaraforikes.webs.com)

---------------------------------------------------------