Clapping dan Vibration Meningkatkan Bersihan Jalan Napas pada Pasien ISPA

Andi Muh Faisal, Najihah Najihah

Abstract


Upper respiratory tract infection is an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract which is the main cause of patient visits in health centers and hospitals. One of the nursing diagnoses in upper respiratory tract infection is the ineffectiveness of airway clearance, and interventions that can be planned to improve airway clearance, namely chest physiotherapy (clapping and vibration). This study aims to determine the effectiveness of providing clapping and vibration for airway clearance in upper respiratory tract infection patients in Labuang Baji Regional Hospital Makassar. The design of this study was one group pretest posttest pre-experiment with clapping and vibration intervention. Samples in the study of 16 patients with upper respiratory tract infection were determined by accidental sampling technique. Data were collected using an observation sheet consisting of five indicators (dyspnoea, cough, respiratory frequency, sputum and ronchi). Data analysis used Mc Nemar statistical test with significance level α = 0.05. The results showed that clapping and vibration were effective in increasing airway clearance (p = 0.000) and effective against indicators of airway clearance, namely decreased respiratory frequency (p = 0.031), decreased sputum production (p = 0,000) and ronchi (p = 0.001). However, it was not effective against decreased dyspnoea (p = 0.062) and cough (p = 1,000). It was concluded that clapping and vibration were effective in increasing airway clearance in upper respiratory tract infection patients in the inpatient room of Labuang Baji Hospital Makassar. Therefore, it is expected that nurses in providing nursing care to patients with upper respiratory tract infection or disease with a diagnosis of the ineffectiveness of airway clearance should plan and carry out chest physiotherapy (clapping and vibration) as one of the nurses' independent actions.
Keywords: clapping and vibration; clearance of the airway; upper respiratory tract infection

Keywords


clapping and vibration; clearance of the airway; upper respiratory tract infection

References


Kemenkes RI. Pedoman Pengendalian Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2012.

Kemenkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI; 2013.

Djojodibroto D. Respirologi Respiratory Medicine Jakarta: EGC; 2013.

Nurarif AH, Kusuma H. Aplikasi Asuhan Keperawatan berdasarkan Diagnosa Medis dan Nanda Nic- Noc Edisi Revisi Jilid 1 Jogjakarta: Mediaction; 2015.

Lubis HM. Fisioterapi Pada Penyakit Paru Anak. Naskah Publikasi. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara, Ilmu Kesehatan Anak; 2005.

Hermanus VA. Hubungan Fisioterapi Dada terhadap Peningkatan Eksresi Sputum pada Pasien Tuberkulosis Paru di IRINA C RSU Prof. dr. R. D. Kandou Manado. INFOKES-Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan. 2012; 7(1): p. 77-83.

Ariasti D, Aminingsih S, E. Pengaruh Pemberian Fisioterapi Dada terhadap Kebersihan Jalan Napas pada Pasien ISPA di Desa Pucung Eromoko Wonogiri. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Kosala. 2014 September; 2(2): p. 27-34.

Kurniawati S, Herawati I, Widodo A. Pengaruh Chest Therapy terhadap Penurunan Sesak Napas dengan Parameter Respiratory Rate pada Anak Bronchitis. Naskah Publikasi. Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Program Studi S1 Fisioterapi; 2012.

Andarmoyo S. Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia (Oksigenasi): Konsep, Proses dan Praktik Keperawatan Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu; 2012.

Mubarak WI, Chayatin N. Buku Ajar Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia: Teori dan Aplikasi dalam Praktik Jakarta: EGC; 2008.

Adipratiwi G, Herawati I, Rahayu UB. Pengaruh Chest Therapy terhadap Derajat Sesak Nafas pada Penderita Efusi Pleura Pasca Pemasangan WSD. Naskah Publikasi. Surakarta: Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Program Studi S1 Fisioterapi; 2015.

Rab T. Ilmu Penyakit Paru Jakarta: TIM; 2010.

Padila. Buku Ajar Keperawatan Gerontik Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika; 2013.

Herdman TH. Nanda International Inc. Diagnosis Keperawatan: Definisi & Klasifikasi 2015-2017 Ed. 10 Jakarta: EGC; 2016.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i1.600

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES, Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) tampil di http://suaraforikes.webs.com

(Journal of Health Research "FORIKES VOICE", Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) available at http://suaraforikes.webs.com)

---------------------------------------------------------