Jumlah sel neuron cerebrum pada paparan musik Mozart lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan paparan musik Indonesia

Agustina Mar'atus Sholichah

Abstract


Background: Intelligence management can produce superior human resources with integrated brain. Mozart music stimulus during pregnancy has been shown to increase the number of neuron of the fetal brain. The study of pop and religious music needs to be improve because they are more popular in Indonesia. Objective: To analyze the differences of number of Neuron in the Cerebrum Rattus norvegicusoffspring that exposed to Mozart, Indonesian pop music and Indonesian religious music during pregnancy. Methods: An experimental study with a post-test only control group design. Groups divide into treatment music groups: Mozart, pop and religious. Treatment in a soundproof room for 1 hour, starting the 10th-day of pregnancy, intensity of 65 dB with a distance of 25 cm from the cage. The number of neuron was counted from HE brain preparations of the head Rattus norvegicusoffspring and analyzed using appropriate statistics test. Results: There were significant differences in the number of neuron of Rattus norvegicusoffspring in cerebrum between groups with p = 0,000 (mean Mozart music group 28.14 ± 3.02, Indonesian pop music 19.71 ± 1.80, Indonesian religious music 24.14 ± 2.91) and Mozart gave a higher number of neuron than Indonesia religious music and Indonesian pop music. Conclusion: Mozart music gave a higher number of neuron in the Cerebrum than Indonesian religious music and Indonesian pop music.

Latar belakang : Pengelolaan kecerdasan otak yang terintegrasi akan menghasilkan SDM yang unggul. Stimulus musik Mozart selama kehamilan terbukti meningkatkan jumlah sel neuron di otak janin. Musik pop dan religi perlu dilakukan penelitian karena lebih populer di Indonesia. Tujuan : Menganalisis perbedaan jumlah sel neuron di Cerebrum Rattus norvegicusbaru lahir antara yang mendapat paparan musik Mozart, musik pop Indonesia dan musik religi Indonesia selama kebuntingan. Metode : Studi eksperimental dengan desain post test only control group. Kelompok perlakuan dibagi menjadi kelompok musik Mozart, musik pop Indonesia dan musik religi Indonesia. Perlakuan di ruang kedap suara selama 1 jam pada malam hari mulai hari ke-10 kebuntingan, intensitas 65 dB dengan jarak 25 cm antara kandang dan speaker. Jumlah sel neuron dihitung dari preparat pewarnaan Hematoxylin-Eosin otak anak Rattus norvegicusdan dianalisis dengan statistik yang sesuai. Hasil : Terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada jumlah sel neuron cerebrum Rattus norvegicus baru lahir antar kelompok dengan nilai p=0,000 (rerata kelompok musik Mozart 28,14±3,02, musik pop Indonesia 19,71±1,80 dan musik religi Indonesia 24,14±2,91) dan musik Mozart memiliki jumlah sel neuron lebih tinggi daripada musik religi Indonesia dan musik pop Indonesia. Kesimpulan : Kelompok musik Mozart memiliki jumlah sel neuron di cerebrum yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan kelompok musik Indonesia.

References


Fitriyani R.D.A dan Suparni. IbM Pemberian Nutrisi Brain Booster Pada Ibu Hamil. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Publikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat 30 September 2017. Semarang: Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang; 2017.

Kemenkes RI. Stimulus. Deteksi dan Intervensi Dini Tumbuh Kembang Anak. Jakarta: Depkes RI; 2010.

Li Y, Yong L, Jun L, Wen Q, Kuncheng L, Chunshui Y dan Tianzi J. 2009. Brain Anatomical Network and Intelligence. Plos Computational Biology. 2009; 5. p. 1-17.

Hill, M.A. Embryology Neural System - Glial Development. https://embryology.med.unsw.edu.au/embryology/index.php/ Neural System_-_Glial_Development . 2019 [cited 3 April 2019].

Dipietro J. A. Prenatal Development In: Encyclopedia of Infant and Early Childhood Development, ed. by Marshall M. Haith and Janette B. Benson. San Diego: Academic Press; 2008.

Hermanto T.J, Estoepangesti A.T.S dan Widjiati. The influence of musical exposure to pregnant (Rattus Novergicus) Rat to the amount of neonatal rat brain cells. Abstract of the 3rd Scientific meeting on Fetomaternal Medicine and AOFOG Accredited Ultrasound Workshop; 2002.

Permatasari, Y.P, Widjiati, Hermanto T.J. Effect of prenatal Mozart composition on Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor expression in Cerebrum and Cerebellum of Rattus norvegicusoffspring from Food Restriction 50 model. Majalah Obstetri Ginekologi. 2018; 26(1):1-6.

Hermanto T.J. Bersujud dalam Rahim 2, Mencerdaskan Janin sejak dalam Rahim dengan KombinasiStimulus 11 – 14 Musik Mozart dan Nutrisi. Surabaya: Global Persada Press; 2013.

Pereira, C. S., Teixeira, J., Figueiredo, P., Xavier, J., Castro, S. L., dan Brattico, E. Music and emotions in the brain: familiarity matters. PLoS ONE. 2011; 6. e27241. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027241

Pavlovic A.M dan Dragan M.P. Music In Healthy And Diseased Brain. Engrami. 2018; 40: 28-43. DOI: 10.5937/Engrami1801028P

Campbell, D. Efek Mozart. Memanfaatkan kekuatan music untuk mempertajam pikiran, meningkatkan kreativitas, dan menyehatkan tubuh. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka; 2005.

Pauwels E.K, Duccio V, Giuliano M dan Magdalena Kostkiewics. Mozart, Music and Medicine. Medical Principle and Practice. 2014; 1-10. DOI: 10.1159/000364873.

Chaudhury S, Nag T.C, Jain S dan Wadhwa S. Review : Role of sound stimulation in reprogramming brain connectivity. J. Biosci. 2013; 38(3):605–614. DOI:10.1007/s12038-013-9341-8

Hepper, P. Introduction to Infant Development 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2007.

Andreana. Melahirkan Tanpa Rasa Sakit. Jakarta: PT. Bhuana Ilmu Populer; 2007.

Xing Y, Wenxi C, Yanran W,Wei J ,Shan G, Daqing G dan Yang X. Music exposure improves spatial cognition by enhancing the BDNF level of dorsal hippocampal subregions in the developing Rats. Brain Research Bulletin; 2016. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.brainresbull.2016.01.009

Sheiki, S dan Saboory E. Neuroplasticity changes of Rat Brain by Musical Stimuli during Fetal Period. Cell Journal. 2015; 16(4). 448-455.

Rees S dan Walker D. Nervous and Neuromuscular Systems. In: Harding R, Bocking AD. Fetal growth and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2001.

Sari N.R. Musik dan Kecerdasan Otak Bayi. Bogor:Penerbit Kharisma Buta Aksara; 2005.

De Voigt M dan Vervoort J. Listen to live,Our Brain and Music. The Tomatis listening training and therapy. Belgium: MBL-Tomatis Network; 2018.

Wang S dan Agius M. Neuroscience of Music; a Review and Summary. Psychiatria Danubina. 2018; 30(7): 588-594.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i1.604

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES, Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) tampil di http://suaraforikes.webs.com

(Journal of Health Research "FORIKES VOICE", Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) available at http://suaraforikes.webs.com)

---------------------------------------------------------