Evidance Based Intervensi Psikologi Terhadap peningkatan strategi DOTS Pada Pasien Tuberkulosis : A Systematic Review

Gevi Melliya Sari

Abstract


Background: Psychological problems are one of the factors that influence tuberculosis patient compliance. Psychological intervention is needed to help patients cope with stressors experienced during the treatment period of at least 6 months and increase patient compliance in undergoing treatment. Objective: To outline some of the benefits of psychological interventions that can help pulmonary tuberculosis patients follow treatment. Method: The database used in this study is Scopus, Google Scholar, and Pubmed is limited to the last 5 years of publication from 2016 to 2020, full-text article in English. The keywords used are "Psychological Intervention", "OR", "AND", "Emotional Intervention",”AND”, "Tuberculosis". This systematic review uses 9 articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Results: Psychological interventions can be applied independently or comprehensively provided with peer support, home visits, counseling, and health education. The benefits of psychological interventions can reduce depression, anxiety, stress, increase self-efficacy, improve self-reliance, increase patient knowledge, increase social support and improve patient compliance in treatment. Conclusion: Psychological intervention has many benefits in helping patients undergo a period of Tuberculosis treatment. Suggestion: Psychological intervention can be applied in health care both during patient control and home visit activities and telenursing via telephone.
Keywords: Emotional intervention, Psychological intervention, Tuberculosis

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i0.663

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