Terapi Non Farmakalogis untuk Mengurangi Kecemasan Pada Pasien Kanker dengan Kemoterapi: A Systematic Review

Andrik Hermanto, Tintin Sukartini, Esti Yunitasari

Abstract


Background: Cancer sufferers will experience various responses such as fear, feelings of grief, anger, sadness and anxiety. The reaction is very human and is a reality that must be faced by everyone who experiences it. Anxiety occurs because of changes in body image to the fear of death. Anxiety will affect the patient's physiology and decrease the body's immune system, so that intervention is needed to alleviate anxiety. Objective: To find out various Non-Pharmacalogical Therapies to Reduce Anxiety in Cancer Patients with Chemotherapy. Method: This Systematic Review is based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). The database used in this study is Scopus, Proquest and Pubmed are limited to the last 5 years of publication from 2016 to 2020, full-text article and in English. The keywords used are "cancer" AND "anxiety". This systematic review uses 10 articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Results: Nonpharmacological management of cancer patients to reduce anxiety includes music therapy, autogenic training, mindfulness programs, virtual reality, guided imagery and progressive muscle training. Non-pharmacalogical therapy functions to reduce anxiety in cancer patients with chemotherapy and reduce various kinds of side effects such as anaemia, thrombocytopenia, leucopenia, nausea and vomiting, alopecia (hair loss), stomatitis, allergic reactions, neurotoxic, and extravasation (discharge of vesicle or irritant drugs to the patient) subcutaneous tissue resulting in pain, tissue necrosis, and tissue ulceration). Recommendation: Future research is to see the effectiveness and benefits of traditional medicine, especially those originating from Indonesia.
Keywords: cancer; anxiety; nonpharmacologic therapy

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i4.808

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