Peran Work Engagement Dalam Menurunkan Turnover Intention Perawat: A Systematic Review

Nisa Dewanti, Kusnanto Kusnanto, Slamet Riyadi Yuwono


Background: Work engagement is defined as a positive, satisfying mental condition associated with work characterized by vigor, dedication, and absorption. Employees who are engaged will feel satisfied with their work so they feel very involved in their work, and this has a positive effect on improving physical and mental health, improving performance, and reducing the level of absenteeism and turnover intention on employees. Objective: To find out how the role of work engagement is to reduce nurse turnover intention. Method: This systematic review is based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). The database used in this study Scopus, ScienceDirect, Emerald, PubMed, and Semanticscholar is limited to publications from 2015 to 2020, full-text articles, and in English. The keywords used are "nurse" AND "work engagement" AND "turnover" OR "intent to leave" OR "intent to stay". This systematic review uses 15 articles that fit the inclusion criteria. Results: This systematic review research study proves the role of work engagement in reducing nurse turnover intention. All research proves that work engagement is directly negatively and significantly correlated with turnover intention. In addition to playing a direct role, work engagement also acts as a mediator between independent variables and turnover intention. Work engagement can play a role as a full mediator as well as some mediators. Recommendation: Future research can be done to develop a work engagement model as an effort to reduce nurse turnover intention in Indonesia.
Keywords: work engagement; turnover intention; intent to stay; nurse


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