Gambaran Arus Puncak Ekspirasi (APE) dan Kontrol Asma pada Pasien Asma

Akbar Nur, Muhammad Amin, Muhammad Sajidin, Kusnanto Kusnanto

Abstract


Asthma is a chronic inflammatory airway disease characterized by episodic wheezing, coughing, and chest tightness due to airway obstruction. The aim of this study was to identify the peak expiratory flow (APE) and control of asthma in asthmatic patients at the Poly Paru Airlangga University Hospital and Home Haji General Hospital) Surabaya. This research method was descriptive study with a sample of 78 respondents. APE was measured using a Peak Flow Meter and asthma control using the Asthma Control Test (ACT) questionnaire. This study showed that APE and asthma control in all study subjects were 27-88% of the standard value. It can be concluded that there was a decrease in Peak Forced Expiration Flow and control of asthma in asthmatic patients. This study is expected to be a source of information for health professionals especially nurses regarding the value of Forced Expiration Peak Flow (APE) and asthma control in asthmatic patients.
Keywords: forced peak expiratory flow (APE); asthma control

ABSTRAK

Asma adalah penyakit jalan napas inflamasi kronis yang ditandai dengan mengi episodik, batuk, dan sesak dada akibat obstruksi jalan napas.tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengidentifikasi Arus Puncak Ekspirasi (APE) dan kontrol asma pada pasien asma di poli Paru Rumah Sakit Universitas Airlangga dan Rumah Sakit Umum Haji) Surabaya. Metode penelitian ini studi deskriptif dengan ukran sampel 78 responden. APE diukur menggunakan Peak Flow Meter dan kontrol asma menggunakan kuisioner Asthma Control Test (ACT). Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa APE dan kontrol asma pada seluruh subyek penelitian 27-88 % dari nilai standar.dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat penurunan Arus Puncak Ekspirasi Paksa dan kontrol asma pada pasien asma. Penelitian ini diharapkan menjadi sumber informasi bagi tenaga kesehatan khsusnya perawat mengenai nilai Arus Puncak Ekspirasi Paksa (APE) dan kontrol asma pada pasien asma.
Kata kunci: arus puncak ekspirasi paksa (APE); kontrol asma

Keywords


Arus puncak ekspirasi paksa (APE) dan kontrol asma

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf10307

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e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

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