Persepsi Keparahan Kanker Serviks dan Keteraturan Melakukan Deteksi Dini Kanker Serviks

Nurul Maurida, Tintin Sukartini, Retno Indarwati

Abstract


Cervical cancer is currently a global health problem. One of cervical cancer prevention is perform early detection. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between women’s perceived severity of cervical cancer and the regularity of early detection of cervical cancer. The research design was cross sectional. The research subject were women aged 30-50 years in working area of the Kalisat community health center in Jember Regency East Java as much as 92 womens with inclusion criteria was women who had been married for more than 3 years.The sampling technique was simple random sampling. The research instrument used questionare that has been tested for reliability validity. The results showed that most of respondents have poor perceived of severity (63%) and most of respondents have poor regularity of early detection (74%). The result of spearman rank test analysis showed that there was a relationship between women’s perceived severity of cervical cancer and the regularity of early detection of cervical cancer with p value = 0.000. Women need an intervention to improve their perceived severity of cervical cancer so that they can prevent cervical cancer with regular early detection
Keywords: perceived severity; cervical cancer; early detection

ABSTRAK

Kanker serviks saat ini merupakan masalah kesehatan global. Salah satu kanker serviks adalah melakukan deteksi dini. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara persepsi perempuan tentang keparahan kanker serviks terhadap keteraturan melakukan deteksi dini kanker serviks. Design penelitian adalah cross sectional. Subyek penelitian adalah perempuan usia 30-50 tahun di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kalisat di Kabupaten Jember Jawa Timur sebanyak 92 perempuan dengan kriteria inklusi perempuan yang telah menikah lebih dari 3 tahun. Teknik sampling menggunakan simple random sampling. Instrumen penelitian menggunakan kuesioner yang telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden memiliki persepsi keparahan kanker serviks yang kurang (63%) dan sebanyak besar responden memiliki keteraturan melakukan deteksi dini kanker serviks yang kurang (74%). Hasil uji spearman rank test menunjukkan ada hubungan antara persepsi perempuan tentang keparahan kanker serviks terhadap keteraturan melakukan deteksi dini kanker serviks dengan nilai p=0.000. Perempuan memerlukan suatu intervensi untuk meningkatkan persepsi mereka tentang keparahan kanker serviks agar perempuan dapat melakukan pencegahan kanker serviks dengan deteksi dini secara teratur.
Kata kunci: persepsi keparahan; kanker serviks; deteksi dini

Keywords


perceived severity, cervical cancer, early detection

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v10i3.488

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e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES, Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) tampil di http://suaraforikes.webs.com

(Journal of Health Research "FORIKES VOICE", Volume 1-6 (2010-2015) available at http://suaraforikes.webs.com)

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