Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Pressure Injury pada Anak

Juairiah Juairiah

Abstract


Children are vulnerable group to pressure injuries and has unique characteristics as associated factor. Factors related to pressure injury must be slightly different from adult. The intervention action considering the injury to the child must be specifically related to the factors associated with pressure in the child. The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with PI in children. This study was carried out using systematic literature review studies. Articles for this study was obtained from Google scholar, Science-direct, PubMed, and Ebsco. Articles was published in 2009-2019 that discuss factors related to PI in children. The results of the study was factors related to PI in pediatric patients were divided into 3 categories, which were medical conditions, medical devices, and length of stay. Medical devices were direct trigger factors that causing PI in children. Medical devices that most often cause PIs are respiration aids such as ventilator. The medical condition was unpreventable factors of PI in children especially medical conditions of organ dysfunction (MODS). Long days of treatment increase the risk of PI in children. Prevention of PI in children must be done intensively and should be carried out according to the unique factors of the children group. Development of bundles against PI in children must be done according to the children PI related factors.

Keywords


Child, Medical devices, Related factors, Pressure injuries, pediatric

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i1.560

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