Faktor Individu dalam Pelaksanaan Patient Safety oleh Perawat di Ruang Rawat Inap RS X Rengat

Novita Kusumarini, Almahdy Almahdy, Syafrida Syafrida

Abstract


Patient safety incidents still found in various regions in Indonesia. ILO, Phlebitis and fall are the common cases found in hospital setting. Nurses play a vital role in patient safety because the nurse is a health worker who is 24 hours with the patient. This study aims to identify the association between individual factors with the implementation of patient safety by nurses in hospital. The design of this study was cross sectional. Data were analyzed using Chi square. Sample of this study were 57 nurses from one public hospital in Rengat. The sample technique used was total sampling. The result showed that there were correlation between knowledge with the implementation of patient safety (p<0.005). Other individual factor such as attitude, motivation, physical and mental health showed no significant correlation with the implementation of patient safety. This study also identified that generally the implementation of patient safety by nurses was low and the highest rate of patient safety implementation was in the infection control such as hand hygiene. Researcher suggest on the hospital to further improve the knowledge of nurses by training and seminar then increase the culture of patient safety implementation. The supervising from the management to emphasize the other indicator of patient safety is also needed to reach the goal in patient safety.
Keywords: patient safety;safety behavior; individual factors; nurse

ABSTRAK

Insiden patient safety masih ditemukan diberbagai daerah di Indonesia. Insiden yang paling ditemukan adalah ILO, Phlebitis dan Pasien jatuh. Peran perawat untuk menghindari terjadinya insident patient safety cukup besar kerena perawat merupakan tenaga kesehatan yang 24 jam berada bersama pasien. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat hubungan faktor individu terhadap pelaksanaan patient safety oleh perawat. Desain penelitian ini adalah cross sectional. Data dianalisis menggunakan Chi square. Sampel berjumlah 57 perawat pelaksana di sebuah rumah sakit di Rengat. Tekhnik sampel yang digunakan adalah total sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor individu yang berhubungan secara signifikan dengan pelaksanaan patient safety adalah faktor pengetahuan.Tidak ada ada hubungan antara faktor sikap, faktor motivasi, faktor kesehatan fisik dan mental terhadap pelaksanaan patient safety. Hasil lain ang teridentifikasi adalah secara umum perawat kurang baik dalam melaksanakan patient safety, selain itu pelaksanaan patient safety yang paling tinggi adalah pelaksanaan pencegahan dan control infeksi seperti mencuci tangan. Saran bagi pihak rumah sakit agar meningkatkan pengetahuan perawat dengan memberikan seminar atau pelatihan serta meningkatkan budaya dalam pelaksanaan patient safety.
Kata kunci: patient safety, perilaku safety; faktor individu; perawat

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v11i0.625

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e-ISSN: 2502-7778 ---- p-ISSN 2086-3098

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