Faktor-Faktor Risiko terjadinya stunting pada anak usia di bawah 5 tahun

Rizki Kurniadi

Abstract


Stunting is one of the nutritional problems that can significantly inhibit human development. Controlling the factors that cause stunting can reduce the incidence of stunting. The purpose of this study is to identify the factors that cause stunting in children under 5 years of age (toddlers). The method used is a literature study obtained from articles published in the last 3 years. The results of the study identifying the risk factors for stunting were maternal factors including maternal nutrition before pregnancy, during pregnancy, and during breastfeeding, maternal height, <18 years of age, IUGR, and the distance between adjacent pregnancies. The second factor is the home environment including father's height, parental education level, family density and family dependencies (for example there are more than one family member <15 years old and> 65 years old, parents' poor ability to care for children, poverty, food security the third factor is the practice of feeding and breastfeeding which includes giving a lack of diet diversity, animal protein, as well as high-energy food, time of administration of MPASI <6 months, ASI <24 months, and access to clean water and hygiene infection Stunting control can be carried out comprehensively by increasing maternal knowledge about nutrition, increasing access to nutritious food, and access to clean water, good sanitation, and health services.
Keywords: , nutrition, growth, risk factors, toddlers, stunting.

Keywords


balita, faktor risiko , nutrisi, pertumbuhan,

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33846/sf.v10i4.502

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